Noahide Prayer to HaShem
Prayer is service of God coming from one’s soul.
Through prayer to God, a person connects his speech, his requests for his needs, and his heartfelt pleas to the Almighty, blessed be He. It is from God that each individual receives his abilities and his accomplishments, and prayer provides the means for a person to strengthen himself in the correctness of his faith and his ways in life.
The main point of prayer is the service of the heart. This refers to the intention in the thoughts and emotions that motivate the person’s prayer. In explaining the verse, “serve Him with all your heart,” the sages said, “What is this ‘service of the heart’? This is prayer.”
The basic foundation of prayer is that a person needs to explicitly recognize that the One God is the Director of the world and is watching over him, and over everything in the entire creation. Therefore it follows that a person should ask God to grant him all his needs, and thank God for all the kindness and blessings He has bestowed upon him, and also praise Him eloquently, according to his capability.
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Recommended daily prayers were published in The Divine Code (Part I, Chapter 6), and more were added in the booklet Prayers, Blessings, Principles of Faith, and Divine Service for Noahides.
The most appropriate order for prayer is that one should first sincerely praise God according to his capability, then ask for his own needs (and for any blessings that he wishes to request for others), and then conclude with giving praise and thanks for what God has given him.
Due to the importance of prayer, especially when one recognizes its great value – that it is the time for presenting one’s self before God, to pour out his supplication and soul to Him – a person should try to the best of his capability to consider himself as standing before the King of kings at the time of prayer, and to enhance his prayer as much as is possible and fitting in that situation.
One should be attentive to the cleanliness of his body before he begins to pray, which most importantly means that one should not pray while having the urge to relieve himself. Rather, one should first take note and relieve oneself if he needs to do so, then wash his hands, and only then pray afterwards. In fact, every time a person prays, he should first clean his hands by washing them with water (or at least by wiping them with a cloth, if no water is available), whether or not he has relieved himself just beforehand.
One should not pray in an unrespectable place – not in an area of filth, or in a bathhouse, or near a garbage dump, or in an area with a foul smell – and should not be facing such an area when he prays.
It is fitting for a person to establish a set place for praying (even in his own home, to make a private place for prayer), and this area should be respectable. It is even more fitting to pray in an area that has been set aside for the public to pray, if it is nondenominational or consistent with the Torah’s principles. (But if a person happens to be in a house of idol worship, it is forbidden to pray there, and one should be careful not to use prayers that were composed by idol worshipers for their liturgies.)
A person should not pray in messy clothes or while he is lacking clothing. If the people in that area would not appear before an eminent person without wearing shoes, he should not pray barefoot. For both men and women, it is not proper to pray with bare arms or legs, as that immodest; instead, one should be clothed respectably, and surely should not pray while naked or nearly so.
It is befitting that every Noahide set time aside for prayer, but there does not have to be any specific time for the prayers. Rather, it is dependent on the current feelings and capability of the person. There are those who feel the need to pray several times a day, during the daytime and at night, and therefore they should. There are others who can suffice with praying once a day. For some, even that is more than they need, and they are not able to have enough concentration if they pray that often, so they find it sufficient to pray once a week.
It is a pious practice (if a person can conform to this) to have a set time dedicated for prayer, once every day. If one is not able to set a time for prayer on a daily basis, then he should set a time for payer on the less frequent schedule which he can observe, such as once or twice a week. The time which is most fitting for this regular prayer is in the morning, at the beginning of one’s day.
It is better to pray with a group of people who are coming together for worship to the One True God, if that is available (unless one finds that it makes it more difficult for him to concentrate), because their collective merit assists each person’s prayers to be more readily acceptable by God.
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